Most financial advisors are in fact retirement planners. A retirement planner shows you the roadmap to achieve your retirement goal, by saving an adequate nest egg that can last you a lifetime. However, that might not be the best financial advice you need. Plead guilty myself. I used to provide general planning for typical clients. And it could be a false dream because some assumptions are dangerous if clients follow blindly.
Fallacy #1: Diversification
First generic advice you often get is to diversify your portfolio. Typically, Malaysians are encouraged to save in EPF, PRS, life insurance, and unit trusts. When you don’t know what you are doing, diversification is the most common strategy that makes sense. You don’t want to heavily rely on a specific asset class and put your money at risk. So you diversify. However, we seldom see people getting rich with EPF, life insurance or unit trust. The better guidance you should have is about how to get better result acquiring productive assets like good ROE stocks and high-rental-yielding properties.
Fallacy #2: Pay down debt
Second generic advice is to pay down your debt, especially your housing loan. That’s a common sense that might not work in your favour. Most home buyers take out EPF Account 2 to pay down loan principal. You could be tempted to put every year-end bonus to reduce your outstanding mortgage. In the hope to see the monthly mortgage commitment disappear from your budget, and you can finally call debt-free, you could be penny wise, pound foolish. This method works for your elder parents because the interest rate used to be >7%. It was as high as 13% at one point in history. But the past decade of low-interest rate environment has resulted in putting the savers on the losing end.
Fallace #3: Compound Interest
Thirdly, you wish to see compound interest works its wonder. Here is where you might fall for illustration that double and triple your investment over a long period. Usually, projections of some insurance saving plans illustration look highly profitable because you are looking at the end figure. It looks good on paper. Especially for those who don’t understand the time value of money, any mediocre asset compounded at a low return rate will still look very impressive on paper. Take an RM10k fixed deposit compounded at 3% for 30 years, you will get about RM24k. It seems impressive for someone who doesn’t see the opportunity cost of a higher return rate. If you take the same figure compounded at 12%, the result is close to RM300k. That’s 12X more wealth!
Fallacy #4: 30-year Plan
The fourth wishful thinking is hoping that your plan will work after 30 years. That posts a big problem. What if it doesn’t work? What if this retirement plan doesn’t turn out to be what it is supposed to achieve? Then you had run out of time to “redo” the whole thing. For example, it happens during the 2008 subprime crisis, when many retirees’ net worth was wiped out due to the market crash. The problem is not the risk of stock volatility. It is the fact that you can’t redo a 30 years plan because you might not have another 30 years of energy and remaining life to do it again. Think again, how many decades can you live?
New Paradigm: The Missing Piece
By knowing the fallacy above, you want to ensure a plan that would work no matter what. So I would like you to realise that the missing financial advice you should get is how to invest in things that give you an immediate result, and can last as long as possible. When you have this new paradigm, you will know that spending on developing your skill, capability and self-improvement bear the best fruits.
We spend the first two decades of our life to acquire skills. The person who does it right, see the tremendous result during adulthood and enjoy it during retirement. For example, if you have good people skill, you can be a great manager to climb the corporate ladder much faster. If you have superb communication skill, you can be a great marketer and sell tonnes of products, or pitch your ideas much more effectively. You reap the rewards in almost everything you do. Everything you touch has a chance to thrive and grow when you have the capability.
As for entrepreneurs and business people, they make the best return investing the profit back into their companies. When you are running a business, you have controls over your people, your products, your cash flow, your system, your expansion plan, etc. Every dollar you plough back will give you a return that could be much better. So everytime when there are some investment schemes, ask yourself if you can get a better return investing in what you know and control instead?
What you can do now?
Take a paper and pen. Write down the investment options you have, including all that you have done, and all that you can do such as unit trust, your business, self-development courses, stocks, properties, etc. Assess how much return can you get from each. Sort the list according to the level of your knowledge, control, performance and risk. Focus on the top few options, and you will see your wealth grow at a much better rate. Then you can rest assured that your strategy to build wealth is focused, leveraged, compounded at the best return rate and course-correct frequently!